Here are some references to things written about pie menus by Don Hopkins:
- Pie Menu Video.
Instructional demo of ActiveX pie menus, and demos of
many different pie menus developed over 12 years.
- The Design and Implementation
of Pie Menus.
By Don Hopkins. Dr. Dobb's Journal, Dec. 1991. Lead
article, user interface issue.
- The Shape of PSIBER
Space: PostScript Interactive Bug Eradication Routines.
By Don Hopkins. Proc. 1989 Usenix Graphics Conference,
- A Comparative Analysis of Pie Menu
By Jack Callahan, Don Hopkins, Mark Weiser, and Ben
Shneiderman. Proc. CHI'88 conference, Washington D.C.
- Designing to Facilitate Browsing: a Look Back at the
HyperTIES Workstation Browser.
By Ben Shneiderman, Catherine Plaisant, Rodrigo Botafogo,
Don Hopkins, and William Weiland. Hypermedia, V3 #2, 1991
- Directional Selection is Easy as Pie Menus!
By Don Hopkins. ;login: The Usenix Association
Newsletter, V12 #5, Sept. 1987
These are some other people who have done interesting stuff
relating to pie menus:
- Russell Nelson
is maintaining piewm,
an X11 window manager I enhanced to support pie menus.
- Where in the world is Paolo
WA, last I heard.] He has written pie menus for Asymetrix
ToolBook, and the source code is available here: piemnu30.zip, pie2lang.zip. He maintains a ToolBook
User's Web page where you can find all kinds of great
stuff. If you read Italian, and have an Acrobat reader,
check out Gestures
as interaction technique with the computer. And
here's a paper in English called Time
and gesture based interfaces, a test case: Shinjuku Guide.
- Carl C. Rollo
has implemented pie menus for Windows and Java, and has
written web page about Pie
Menus for Windows, A
Brief Description of Pie Menus for Windows, and Pie
on the Menu in Your Program.
Bos has written an X11 piemenu widget, for the Free Widget
- Here are some references to Kurtenbach and Buxton's work
on "marking menus": Kurtenback, Buxton, Issues
in Combining Marking and Direct Manipulation Techniques,
Proceedings of UIST '91. Kurtenback, Sellen, Buxton, An
Empirical Evaluation of some Articulatory and Cognitive
Aspects of Marking Menus, Journal HCI, January 1993.
Kurtenback, Buxton, The Limits of Expert Performance
Using Hierarchic Marking Menus. Proceedings of CHI '93. NOTE:
Alias|Wavefront lawyers will sue you if you use Marking
Menus so beware.
- Pie menus are mentioned in A
Taxonomy of See-Through Tools, by Bier, Stone,
Fishkin, Buxton, and Baudel.
- And here's The
Pie Page, of course!
- You may enjoy watching Bill Gates get pied
on a trip to Brussels.
- And if you're over 18, be sure to check out what's on the
pie menu at The